Which group is the group of death? Who has it easier?
As of February 1, 2022, new rules come into force providing for a binding acceptance period of nine months for vaccination certificates used for travel within the EU.
Member States must not provide for a different acceptance period for travel within the European Union. The standard acceptance period does not apply to booster dose certificates.
Any measures restricting free movement must be proportionate and non-discriminatory. Member States must not, in principle, refuse entry to persons traveling from other Member States.
The national authorities are responsible for issuing the certificate. It could be issued, for example, by testing centers or health authorities, or directly through an e-health portal.
The digital version can be stored on a mobile device. Citizens can also request a paper version. Both will have a QR code containing essential information, as well as a digital signature to ensure that the certificate is authentic.
UNOS Project, alliance of Universities
2.4. If a healthcare professional works in risk units, for example with immunocompromised patients, can he/she be obliged to be vaccinated? If not vaccinated, can the healthcare professional be prevented from accessing that job?
Special drugs are those that, in each case, are decided by the legislator, as a specific regulation is required. They are referred to in Article 8.1.d) of Royal Legislative Decree 1/2015, of 24 July, which approves the revised text of the Law on guarantees and rational use of medicines and health products (hereinafter, Law on Medicines, abbreviated LM).
RD 1345/2007 defines an immunological drug as any drug consisting of vaccines, toxins, serums and allergens; individualized vaccines and allergens are also defined. It also regulates the special conditions for prior authorization of manufacturing batches and the processing of registration dossiers, with annual modifications foreseen for the human influenza vaccine.
Traveling without vaccinations: These countries eliminated health requirements
The Italian Government is preparing to approve today more restrictive measures for the management of the pandemic in view of the increase in the number of infections, including the obligation of a certificate of vaccination or of having overcome the disease to be able to enter restaurants and entertainment venues, while the presentation of virus tests for travel and work will continue to be allowed.
Bogota continues to be the main focus of the pandemic, with 1,461,086 cases, followed by Antioquia (766,704), Valle del Cauca (415,384), Atlántico (337,736), Cundinamarca (265,974) and Santander (229,549). On the other hand, as of last Monday, 400,453 people have been vaccinated, of which 105,143 received second doses and 21,050 received the single-dose formula of the pharmaceutical company Janssen.
The defenses generated by the vaccine “go down” six months after the second dose and the booster dose provides “greater protection” to individuals and “therefore fewer contagions” in the community, said the director of the El Chorrillo Health Center, Dr. Max Pinzón, in declarations to Efe.
Registration of persons 18 years of age and older for vaccination against
Until then, governments around the world had rejected the idea of a universal coronavirus vaccination mandate, opting instead for incentives and other “nudges” to motivate people to receive vaccinations. Even in authoritarian states, such as China, it is not a mandatory policy.
Other countries are beginning to consider similarly drastic measures to persuade more people to get vaccinated, despite criticism that low vaccination rates make them unrealistic and would deprive millions from earning a living.
Scientists are still reviewing data to assess how effective existing vaccines are against the new variant, but Moderna’s CEO warned in an interview with The Financial Times that he believes it will amount to “a material drop.”
The question of whether or not to pull the trigger on mandates, and how to weigh the risk to civil liberties against a serious threat to overburdened healthcare systems, has caused much nervousness around the world, especially in Europe, a proud bastion of liberal democracy.