Why did the norse travel to north america

When the Vikings arrived

The study examined wooden artifacts from a previously undated Viking settlement in Newfoundland, Canada, which provide the earliest known record of humans crossing the Atlantic to reach the Americas.

When the Vikings arrived at L’Anse aux Meadows, they cut trees with metal blades that were not made by the indigenous people living in the area at the time. The pieces of wood left in the settlement came from three different trees.

“The clear increase in carbon-14 production that occurred between 992 and 993 has been detected in tree ring archives around the world,” says Michael Dee, lead author of the study and associate professor of Isotopic Chronology at the University of Groningen, the Netherlands.

This date suggests that this is the earliest known presence of Europeans on the continent before Christopher Columbus, as well as the earliest evidence of all human migration and exploration that the Atlantic had been crossed, Dee said.

Because the Vikings did not stay in America.

Viking voyages, discoveries and settlements in North America were first written about in two sagas: the Saga of the Greenlanders written in 1200, and the Saga of Erik the Red, written in 1260.[13] These are anonymously authored accounts mixing fiction and fact about events that had happened two centuries earlier passed down orally.

These are anonymously authored stories in which fiction and fact are mixed about events that happened two centuries earlier transmitted orally, so scholars have had to rely on supplementary scientific data to establish the greater or lesser certainty of their fantastic content.[13][12][12] The sagas are also known as “the saga of the Greenlanders” and “the saga of Erik the Red”, written in 1260.

Despite the loss of contact with the Greenland settlements, the Danish government continued to regard Greenland as a possession, and the island’s existence was never forgotten by European geographers. [13][12] European whalers made occasional stops on the island during the 17th century, and in 1721, a mercantile and missionary expedition led by Hans Egede was made to Greenland, on the grounds that, if there were still Viking inhabitants in Greenland, they would remain Catholic and should be reformed, just as the Christians of northern Europe had been. This expedition found no surviving populations of European origin, but it initiated Danish colonization in America, with a stable colony on the island that asserted Denmark’s claims of sovereignty over Greenland.[18][19][19

Vikings in North America

“Before the Vikings, did other peoples cross the Atlantic to reach the New World? The dry answer is that they might have done so, but at least so far the evidence does not exist,” explains medievalist F. Donald Logan in his book “The Vikings in History” (CFE), while historian Manuel Velasco states the following in “A Brief History of the Vikings” (Nowtilus): “As much as it has been questioned, the arrival in Vinland (as the Vikings called the territory discovered in America) is not very extraordinary. Their ships were the great engineering feat of their time. If they got as far as Iceland by crossing the entire Atlantic, how could they not get from Greenland to the northeast of present-day Canada?”

“The king talked about yet another island that had been discovered by many in that ocean. It is called Vinland because there in that country grow wild vines that produce excellent wine. There the plants that grow by themselves abound. I have learned this not from fantastic accounts but from reliable Danish reports”.

Vikings in America pdf

“Before the Vikings, did other peoples cross the Atlantic to reach the New World? The dry answer is that they might have done so, but at least so far the evidence does not exist,” explains medievalist F. Donald Logan in his book “The Vikings in History” (CFE), while historian Manuel Velasco states the following in “A Brief History of the Vikings” (Nowtilus): “As much as it has been questioned, the arrival in Vinland (as the Vikings called the territory they discovered in America) is not so extraordinary. Their ships were the great engineering feat of their time. If they got as far as Iceland by crossing the entire Atlantic, how could they not get from Greenland to the northeast of present-day Canada?”

“The king talked about yet another island that had been discovered by many in that ocean. It is called Vinland because there in that country grow wild vines that produce excellent wine. There the plants that grow by themselves abound. I have learned this not from fantastic accounts but from reliable Danish reports”.

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