First voyage of Christopher Columbus summary
Through the works of Miguel León-Portilla, Edmundo O’Gorman and Federico Navarrete we can glimpse historiographic paradigms that differ from the Eurocentric, traditional and conventionalist views.
This led to the fact that in 1492 the Genoese navigator Christopher Columbus left Europe with three ships and a crew of about a hundred men in search of India. This voyage was made with the economic investment of Isabella of Castile, some members of the nobility, merchants and magnates.
Thus, on October 12, 1492, Christopher Columbus arrived in what we know today as America when he found the Antilles and disembarked on the island of Guanahaní, which he named San Salvador (he later arrived in the current territories of Santo Domingo and Cuba).
In Visión de los vencidos (1959), Miguel León-Portilla includes an expression that offers a thought-provoking perspective on the way in which this moment in history is narrated and explained. It is the term “encounter of two worlds”.
The 4 voyages of christopher columbus summary
Reconstruction of the itinerary of the first of the four voyages that Columbus made to America, because the Indies were on the right but Columbus went the other way based on the data of the Diary attributed to Columbus.
Asia was the silk route. The most coveted product from Asia in the West was spices, for use in cooking, and they were extremely expensive. Christopher Columbus owned a copy of Marco Polo’s Voyages and had it full of annotations, especially the part about distances, products and riches of Asia. However, cartographic knowledge about the Orient was extremely incomplete and some maps only reliably identified the Mediterranean area. In the 15th century European cuisine consumed saffron, ginger, cinnamon and cloves. A pound of these products was sold in the Renaissance for several gold pesos. The Asian islands were rich in saffron, ginger, cinnamon and cloves.
The Asian islands were rich in valuable spices needed by Europe, such as cloves and nutmeg, which were obtained from the Moluccas in the South Sea. The way to the Indies was a westward route through the European continent and then through the Middle East to India or China. The Ottoman Turks were gaining strength in Constantinople, and the greater their power in the Middle East, the more difficult and expensive it was to bring in Oriental products. The Ottoman Turks were also becoming strong in Constantinople.
In what year did Christopher Columbus arrive in America?
Where Columbus actually arrived on that October day was an island he called San Salvador, which is now part of the Bahamas. Columbus believed he had found a new route to India, and described the people he met as “Indians”. Nevertheless, his momentous discovery began the European exploration and colonization of the Americas.
Many localities, including the city of Berkeley, California, have replaced Columbus Day with Indigenous Peoples’ Day to honor the original inhabitants of the islands where Columbus landed. The state of South Dakota changed the name to American Indian Day, while the state of Alabama celebrates a mix of Columbus Day and American Indian Heritage Day. The state of Hawaii calls it Discovery Day.
Second voyage of Christopher Columbus
Moreover, the Admiral kept two records of the distances traveled day by day. On the 10th, for example, Columbus told his men that they had sailed 44 leagues [about 245 kilometers], when in fact that day’s voyage had been 59 leagues [almost 329 kilometers], the greatest distance traveled in one day’s sailing during the entire voyage. The purpose of this double counting was not to frighten the crew too much, a tactic that almost failed that October 10. The voyage continued in a tense atmosphere.