List of passengers on the Mayflower
The many physical and environmental changes encountered during international travel can upset the balance of individuals with their usual environment: sudden exposure to considerable changes in altitude, humidity, microbial flora and temperature, exacerbated by stress and fatigue, can lead to health disorders and incapacitation to achieve the purpose of the trip.
It is a health service where, after an individualized assessment, advice is given on traveler’s medicine. They administer mandatory and recommended vaccinations, provide information on the diseases they prevent, recommend and prescribe pharmacological chemoprophylaxis (drugs at preventive doses), advising on mechanisms of action, drug contraindications, side effects, drug interactions and dosage, and provide information on the health risks inherent to international travel.
It would be necessary to have it available in those destinations where there may be significant risks, especially in developing countries and where medical assistance and/or local availability of certain drugs is not safe:
Who were the pilgrims in the Middle Ages?
After Henry VIII’s break with Catholicism, the Anglican Church was consolidated. But some critics, clinging to a pure reading of the Scriptures, thought that the reforms undertaken were insufficient. Determined to go their own way, those who would become known as Puritans grouped themselves into congregations. They were soon subjected to threats and mistreatment.
It was then that they saw in Virginia, the lands that the Crown was beginning to conquer on the other side of the ocean, the ideal place: there they could reproduce their lives and customs, away from the control of the State and the Church. First, however, they needed financing.
Still, historian Philip Jenkins believes that “the emphasis on the Pilgrims and that northern point can only be explained in terms of early nineteenth-century rhetorical struggles over the character of American society, and by New England’s need to present itself as the real America, as opposed to the slaveholding, aristocratic, secessionist South.”
Pilgrim is a term whose etymology takes us to the Latin language (peregrinus). The concept is used, in its broadest sense, to name the subject who makes a journey through regions unknown to him.
For example: “I am going to fetch some water to assist the pilgrim”, “Excuse me, could you help me? I am a pilgrim who does not know the area and is lost”, “Many pilgrims wish to reach the summit of the sierra, although few succeed”.
The most common use, however, is linked to religion. A pilgrim is someone who decides to make an extensive journey to reach a temple or sacred place as a sign of their faith and commitment to God.
The religious idea of pilgrimage is associated with life as a road to travel. In some cases, the pilgrim is a penitent who begins his journey as a way of making reparation for his faults. There are also pilgrims who make the journey as a promise.
Throughout history, the Camino de Santiago has been traveled by dozens of important personalities, from kings to dukes, bishops and scientists. Let’s take a look at some of the most outstanding names of the pilgrims who decided to embark on this special journey, some of whom did so almost a millennium ago:
Those who helped the pilgrims to survive
Thanksgiving Day was first celebrated in 1621 by the settlers of the Plymouth Colony. These settlers, who were later called Pilgrims, left England because they wished to separate themselves from the established Church and worship God in their own way. After leaving England, the Pilgrims settled in Holland in 1608.
Finally in 1620 they embarked on the Mayflower, seeking freedom of worship in the New World. Although their original destination was the Jamestown Colony, Virginia, a storm blew them off course and in November 1620 they arrived north of Plymouth, Massachusetts. The first winter was one of great hardship for the colonists, as more than half of the colony died of starvation and disease. However, those who survived fought on and in the spring planted their first crop of corn.
In a gesture of friendship, the Pilgrims invited the neighboring Indians to celebrate a feast together, where they shared turkeys and geese, corn, lobsters, clams, squash, pumpkins and dried fruits.