Christopher Columbus discovered America
It was October 12, 1492 when Christopher Columbus and some sailors launched a barge into the sea to disembark on this unknown land. Immediately upon reaching the beach, the Admiral got down on his knees and thanked God. Then he hoisted the banner of his sovereigns and drew his sword to cut some branches. With this gesture he signified his taking possession of this land in the name of Isabella the Catholic and Ferdinand of Aragon.
However, King Ferdinand confirmed him in his rank of Admiral of the Ocean Sea and Vice King of the Indies (since it is this land that he claimed to have boarded). Keeping all his confidence in him, the king agreed to finance a new expedition.
On August 31, 1498, he was again in Hispaniola where the situation was catastrophic. The men mostly had syphilis and were fighting among themselves. Bartholomew, Columbus’ brother, had revealed himself to be a dastardly governor. The Admiral turned his anger against the Indians whom he persecuted and sent as slaves to Cape Verde and the Canaries.
How many voyages did Christopher Columbus make?
Moreover, the Admiral kept two records of the distances traveled day by day. On the 10th, for example, Columbus told his men that they had sailed 44 leagues [about 245 kilometers], when in fact that day’s voyage had been 59 leagues [almost 329 kilometers], the greatest distance traveled in one day’s sailing during the entire voyage. The purpose of this double counting was not to frighten the crew too much, a tactic that almost failed that October 10. The voyage continued in a tense atmosphere.
First voyage of Christopher Columbus summary
This is the first voyage and the defeats and journey made by Admiral Christopher Columbus when he discovered the Indies, summarily put, without the prologue he made to the Kings, which goes to the letter and begins in this way: In Nomine Domini Nostri Jesu Christi.
We left on Friday, the third day of August 1492 from the bar of Saltés, at eight o’clock. We sailed with a strong wind until sunset towards the south sixty miles, which is fifteen leagues; then to the southwest and south fourth from the southwest, which was the way to the Canary Islands.
He jumped or disengaged the governor to the Pinta caravel, where Martín Alonso Pinzón was going, which was believed and suspected by the industry of one Gómez Rascón and Cristóbal Quintero, whose was the caravel, because it was heavy for him to go on that trip; and the Admiral says that before he left they had found in certain setbacks and grisquetas as they say, to the aforementioned. There the Admiral was greatly troubled that he could not help the said caravel without his danger, and he says that he was losing some grief knowing that Martin Alonso Pinzon was a hard-working person of good wit. Finally, they traveled twenty-nine leagues between day and night.
What did Christopher Columbus do when he arrived in America?
In addition, numerous intermediaries were involved, which made the value of the spices enormously expensive. This prompted other European nations to find a direct route to the spice region.
As the demand for these products increased, so did their value. For example, pepper was counted grain by grain and its value was almost equal to that of silver. The Italians were the greatest beneficiaries of trade with the Orient, since they controlled the Mediterranean routes, especially the Genoese. Thanks to the wealth obtained, some families formed extensive commercial networks. Banks were created in cities such as Florence, which controlled a large part of world trade through their loans to various sovereigns.
Another reason was that the navigation of the eastern Mediterranean was beginning to be hindered by the Turks. With the conquest of Constantinople (1453), Ottoman power was consolidated and many of the ports that had been used for centuries for trade with the East were closed to European commerce.