The 4 voyages of Christopher Columbus
The discovery of America was a turning point in history. European kingdoms launched their fleets of ships to explore the seas and oceans to find new routes to the New World, either westward to America or southeastward to the Far East.
For centuries, European traders had sailed overland to the Far East, east of Asia, in expeditions such as those of Marco Polo in the 13th century. The spices, fabrics and precious stones that came from there were highly valued in Europe.
The 4 voyages of christopher columbus summary
There are different versions of how the contact between the two took place, but what is certain is that Toscanelli sent a report to Alfonso V of Portugal with a letter -of which copies have arrived in disputed condition- and a map -which has been reconstructed from the globe drawn in 1492 by Martin Behaim, one of the most faithful followers of the Florentine humanist-.
This hypothesis has been vindicated by Juan Manzano on the basis of the expressions contained in the Capitulaciones de Santa Fe, Columbus’ certainty in the routes to be followed, both on the outward and return voyages, and other indicators.
Columbus’ project might seem attractive in this context; everything points to the fact that even then he proposed to reach Cipango and the Far East by a shorter and more direct route than the hitherto still uncertain route through southern Africa.
John II entrusted the analysis of this project to a board of experts that rejected its feasibility. The reasons given by chroniclers and historians to justify this rejection are essentially twofold:
Summary of Christopher Columbus’ First Voyage
In 1493, the first expedition captained by Christopher Columbus returned to the Iberian Peninsula, announcing the discovery of new islands towards the Indies. Columbus was received by his sponsors, the kings of Castile and Aragon, who immediately ordered him to make a new voyage to continue exploring the territory and establish a colony in the Indies. The Catholic Monarchs financed the Admiral’s new voyage, interested in expanding the influence of the Crown beyond the seas, obtaining new trade routes outside the influence of Portugal and obtaining new sources of income, such as spices and gold. On his first voyage of colonization, Columbus did not find spices or anything that could be extracted from voyages to India, but he still believed that he had reached Asia using a route that had never been used before.
Apart from the sources of gold he could obtain, Columbus had all sorts of surveys of the New World, agreed upon prior to the voyage in the Capitulaciones de Santa Fe. On the basis of this text, Columbus was ruler of all the territories he discovered with the title of viceroy and admiral of the Ocean Sea and was entitled to receive at least a tenth of the riches of the enterprises he undertook.
Third voyage of Christopher Columbus
The city of Dubai is part of the 7 United Arab Emirates, being the capital of one of them. It is one of the most multicultural cities in the Persian Gulf, belonging to the Arabian Desert, in the Asian continent, one of the largest continents in the world.
Dubai is an earthly paradise full of luxury and extravagance that attracts tourists. Located on the coast of the Persian Gulf, Dubai is one of the closest neighbors of Abu Dhabi, capital of the United Arab Emirates. It is a city with a warm climate as expected from the desert, but surrounded by many eccentric plants such as palm trees, lilies and eucalyptus, among many others, as well as beautiful natural beaches.
Although the trip to Dubai from Latin America is a journey of many hours and represents a very marked cultural shock, more and more Latinos are interested in knowing this beautiful place that with the passing of the days is becoming more popular in the world and more accessible, the opportunities for Latin Americans to reach Dubai are becoming easier.