How many pilgrims traveled to america on the mayflower

English Puritan Pilgrim Fathers embark on the Mayflower and found Plymouth.


Queen Elizabeth feared she would lose control of the town if the Puritans were not kept in check. She therefore enacted a series of rather strict laws against them. Still, the various Puritan groups continued to meet clandestinely in private homes. They also distributed many religious pamphlets explaining their beliefs. The London Puritans appointed their own elders, mostly Anglican ministers removed from office. Groups that renounced reforming the Anglican Church and broke away from it were called separatists.

The biggest obstacle was the cost of such a long journey. Another considerable problem was that to make the expedition they had to ask permission from the king of England, precisely the cause of their flight to the Netherlands. The “pilgrims” harassed King James with their requests until he finally granted them permission. And in the end, a group of London merchants financed the journey.

The “pilgrims” began to build a communal house and several private houses. It was a difficult start, because they arrived in winter and the provisions they had left from the ship were not enough. During that first winter, 52 people died from disease, including thirteen of the twenty-four husbands and fourteen of the eighteen wives. One of those who died was John Carver, her first governor. But the survivors resolved to remain in New Plymouth. The next governor, the enthusiastic William Bradford, wrote a detailed history of this young colony, for which he has been considered the first American historian.

Because the pilgrims came out of england

On September 6, 1620, the Mayflower left the port of Plymouth (England); on November 11 it made landfall on the coast of Massachusetts, where the so-called Pilgrims or Puritans disembarked. But who were they and what were they looking for on the American continent? To understand this, we must go a little further back in history. After Henry VIII’s break with the Church of Rome and the birth and development of Anglicanism or the Protestant Church of England in the 16th century, an important sector of the Church felt that the definitive schism with respect to Catholicism had not been completed – many of the liturgies and beliefs remained the same – and that the Anglican leaders were too close to the power of the British Crown and subject to its ups and downs. This sector, of Calvinist inspiration, began a movement to return to the evangelical essences known as the Puritan Revolution.

The Puritans began to gain momentum at the beginning of the 17th century and were immediately harshly persecuted by the royal power, since they endangered the obedience of the Church to the dictates of the monarchy. Thus, one of the most prominent groups or factions of English Puritanism, the Pilgrim Fathers, decided that it was better to put land in the middle, and initially its members emigrated to Leiden (Holland) in 1609. But, in view of the political instability in Europe and seeing themselves under attack again, they returned to England and looked for a destination that would put them definitively safe and where they could start from scratch: America, an unknown territory full of opportunities. Since 1607 there was an English settlement called Jamestown – founded by the famous John Smith, the captain who fell in love with Pocahontas – in what is now Virginia, and the Pilgrims wanted to direct their steps towards it.

History of pilgrims

Thanksgiving Day was first celebrated in 1621 by the settlers of the Plymouth Colony. These settlers, who were later called Pilgrims, left England because they wished to separate themselves from the established Church and worship God in their own way. After leaving England, the Pilgrims settled in Holland in 1608.

Finally in 1620 they embarked on the Mayflower, seeking freedom of worship in the New World. Although their original destination was the Jamestown Colony, Virginia, a storm blew them off course and in November 1620 they arrived north of Plymouth, Massachusetts. The first winter was one of great hardship for the colonists, as more than half of the colony died of starvation and disease. However, those who survived fought on and in the spring planted their first crop of corn.

In a gesture of friendship, the Pilgrims invited the neighboring Indians to celebrate a feast together, where they shared turkeys and geese, corn, lobsters, clams, squash, pumpkins and dried fruits.

What happened to the pilgrims when they arrived at the territory

In New England, the northeastern region of what is now the United States, English Puritans established several colonies. These colonists believed that the Church of England had adopted too many of the practices of Catholicism, and they came to America fleeing persecution in English lands and with the intention of founding a colony based on their own religious ideals. A group of Puritans, known as the Pilgrims, crossed the Atlantic on a ship called the Mayflower and settled in Plymouth, Massachusetts, in 1620. A much larger Puritan colony was established in the Boston area in 1630. By 1635, some colonists were already migrating to nearby Connecticut.

Roger Williams, a Puritan who disagreed with the community’s decisions, argued that the state should not intervene in religious matters. Forced to leave Massachusetts in 1635, he founded the neighboring colony of Rhode Island, which guaranteed religious freedom and separation of state and church. The colonies of Maryland, established in 1634 as a refuge for Catholics, and Pennsylvania, founded in 1681 by Quaker leader William Penn, were also characterized by religious tolerance. This tolerance, in turn, attracted other groups of settlers to the New World.

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