How slaves were treated
Slave ship or slave ship (or Guineaman in Anglo-Saxon) were the names of the ships dedicated to the black slave trade, especially those of the Atlantic slave trade between Africa and America, as part of the triangular trade (called in English Middle Passage). About twenty million African slaves were transported by these ships. The Atlantic slave trade became a big business with the colonization of America, which demanded slave labor for plantations.
The Atlantic slave trade became big business with the colonization of America, which demanded slave labor for the plantations. The 17th and 18th centuries marked the peak of this trade.
In order to maximize economic profit, slave ship owners multiplied their capacity by dividing up the space to minimum extremes, resulting in deplorable hygienic conditions, dehydration and all kinds of diseases, with an increase in the mortality rate to figures between 15% and 33%, which was nevertheless considered economically acceptable. Hundreds of slaves (an average ship, such as the Henrietta Marie, carried about two hundred) were transported chained to bunks where they were kept in a horizontal position, with no room to move. The slaves were transported with their bodies chained to bunks where they were kept horizontally, with no room to move.
History of slavery
The wealth generated by slave labor contributed to Europe’s economic boom and encouraged many countries to participate. From the second half of the 18th century, the English controlled the slave trade.
It was a safe business because of the growing demand for slaves in America and the abysmal difference between the buying and selling price. Many sectors of society benefited in different proportions: merchants, ship captains, sailors, landowners, middle class people, the Crowns and the Royal Treasury.
Another form of resistance was the use of the law. Through the slave trustee, they demanded rights and sometimes freedom. Abolition was a slow and uneven process that began in 1838 and ended in 1888.
The documentary Slavery and the Cultural Legacy of Africa in the Caribbean shows the enslavement of millions of Africans and their transfer to the Americas, and the stigmatization that they and their descendants have experienced for centuries.
Superficial physical differences, such as skin color, rather than genetic differences, contributed to strengthen ideas about the differences between populations that justified slavery, exclusion and racism.
African slave stories
“Of the 11 million enslaved Africans who arrived in the Americas, about half came down in Brazil, meaning that Brazil and the South Atlantic are the center of the transatlantic slave traffic, which came particularly from the Congo River delta and what is now the city of Luanda (Angola),” he said.
It is a database of the transatlantic slave trade as the culmination of several decades of independent study and collaborative research by scholars who have sourced information from libraries and archives throughout the Atlantic world, said Alex Borucki.
The other revolutionary part of this project, he stressed, is that researchers from any corner of the globe can contribute information, making it a living database.
On the same site, there is also the Intra-American database, which contains information on domestic trafficking or trafficking within Latin America, where 11,400 slave voyages were recorded.
How Africans came to America
An African named Juan Garrido, converted to Christianity in Lisbon, played an important role in the Mexican expedition of Hernán Cortés and helped introduce wheat cultivation in North America. During the exploration of Baja California, he was responsible for and co-owner of a battalion of black and indigenous slaves.
This legislation, which was more lax than that of other powers, meant that some cities bordering the British colonies ended up becoming a refuge for slaves. The case of La Florida, whose first stable settlement was founded in 1565 by Menéndez de Avilés, is well known. In the development of what is today the oldest city in the U.S., St. Augustine, half a hundred African slaves were engaged in tasks ranging from lumbering, land cultivation, cattle raising and domestic service. They also participated in defensive tasks against the French, British pirates and the most hostile tribes.