How do you think the first settlers reached the Americas via the Atlantic Ocean?
The work, published this week in the journal ‘Science’, by scientists from the University of Oregon and the Smithsonian Institution, describes the setting and way of life of the Paleoindians of the well-known Clovis culture, who spread into the interior of North America in search of large animals, such as mammoths.
The sites contain fluted (or fishtail) points, crescent moon-shaped stones and other stone tools that resemble artifacts found elsewhere in the interior of the continent, associated with glacial lake ecosystems.
At the time of these early Indian settlements, the two islands were several kilometers offshore, so it is believed that, in addition, these early settlers must have had some seafaring skills.
Erlandson and his team found that the tools were similar to those also found on the Pacific coast, in Japan and South America. Some are semicircular-shaped stones that were capable of killing birds in flight, as with a shotgun.
Route of the first settlers in the Americas
The beginning of the human population of the Americas is not clear. Some experts believe that the first people arrived around 11,000 BC, although others believe that the process began earlier, around 15,000 BC.
It is worth noting that during the Paleo-Indian period, tools made of stones appeared. Various archaeological discoveries show how this progress was made and demonstrate how the technology was perfected.
The Paleoindians would have migrated to the American continent following animals such as mammoths and mastodons. This is due to the fact that the subsistence of these people was closely linked to this type of large species.
Who were the first settlers of the Americas?
Some of the earliest hunter-gatherers in the southwestern United States used very distinctive sharp stone spear points to hunt large mammals such as bison, horses, deer, elk, mastodon and mammoth. Scientists named these spear points “Clovis” after Clovis, New Mexico. The people using them probably hunted other small game as well and most likely supplemented their diet with native nuts, roots, berries and seeds.
These hunters appear to have been fairly widespread throughout North America, but some of the most interesting sites are found bordering the San Pedro River in southeastern Arizona near the Mexican border. At these sites mammoth bones and other extinct megafauna bones are found in association with fire hearths, Clovis points, and tools.
About ten miles away, the following spring Ed Lehner was surveying a failure. He found what he considered to be the bones of an extinct animal in a creek two miles south of the ghost town of Hereford, Arizona, on the west side of the San Pedro River. He removed some fragments and took them to the Arizona State Museum, where some of them were identified as the tooth plates of a mammoth.
Where did the first settlers of the Americas come from?
After the Paleoamericans entered the continent, the Beringian Passage was covered again by the sea, so that they were isolated by land from the rest of humanity. Except for uninterrupted communication between Eskimos and Paleo-Eskimos in Alaska and Siberia and the case of a few brief Viking settlements in America in the late 10th or early 11th century, on the coast of Canada and Greenland, there is no conclusive evidence to support a transoceanic contact between pre-Columbian America and the rest of the world, although there is evidence of contact with the Polynesians. After the Columbian contact, the question arose as to whether there was any contact with the Polynesians. After the Columbian contact, there was no evidence of contact with the Polynesians.
After the Columbian contact, various conjectures were put forward to explain the origin of the American Indians, for example, resorting to the myth of Atlantis or the lost tribes of Israel. The advance of scientific research made it possible to demonstrate that there was no material relationship between the origin of the Amerindians and those beliefs, so these old hypotheses were discarded.