How did the chinese immigrants travel to america


Chinese immigration is the largest in the world with 60 million people. Former U.S. President Jimmy Carter asked his then counterpart Deng Xiaoping in the late 1970s to open the doors of his country so that its citizens could know what freedom was. “How many millions do you want me to send you?” the Chinese leader replied sarcastically. Today it is virtually impossible to find a country in the world where there are no Chinese immigrants.

The Chinese dominate the economies of most Asian countries, have developed influential communities in countries like Canada or Australia and, generation after generation, increase their wealth wherever they settle.

Often Chinese families become true multinationals with clan members spread across different countries of the world helping each other and organizing joint business ventures. In the village of origin there is always someone from the family who takes care of local affairs and prepares the return, always the long-awaited return.

When the Chinese arrived in the United States

International migration is intrinsically linked to the economies and transnational social relations that are established between the countries of expulsion and those of attraction. However, the political-regulatory sphere is also a relevant aspect to consider, since migration policies take into account the contexts of destination as well as those of origin. The aim of this article is to explain the way in which these, via migration laws, can influence migratory flows. This idea is approached from the specific case of Chinese immigration in Mexico, for which a historical-documentary review is made of the country’s immigration policy (which promoted the reduction of this flow during the 20th century), and also of China’s emigration policy (which has recently given a new impulse to the flow of immigration).

International migration is linked to the economies and transnational social relations that are being established between countries of expulsion and attraction. However, the political-regulatory environment is also a relevant aspect to consider, because migration policies account for the contexts of destination and origin. This article intends to reflect on how migratory policies influence migratory flows. This idea is approached from the specific case of Chinese immigration in Mexico. It makes a historical review of the immigration policy in this country (which promoted the reduction of this flow during the 20th century), and also of the emigration policy in China (which recently has given a new impulse to immigration flow).

Chinese Exclusion Act

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American English, Sinitic languages: Mandarin Chinese (Standard Mandarin), Cantonese Chinese, Min Chinese (Min Dong Chinese,[2] Min Nan Chinese), Hakka Chinese, Wu Chinese,[3] and to a lesser extent UighurReligions.

Chinese immigration to the United States constitutes a group of overseas Chinese that is part of the Asian-American community. Within this community, the term Chinese American often in a broad sense includes not only immigrants from mainland China, Hong Kong, Macau, Taiwan and their descendants, but also overseas immigrants and descendants of Chinese who immigrated to the United States from Vietnam, Malaysia, Indonesia, Burma, the Philippines, among other countries.[8][1][1

Chinese in Latin America

Smuggled migrants are vulnerable to exploitation and abuse and their lives and safety are often at risk: they can suffocate inside containers, perish in the desert or drown at sea while being driven by smugglers who profit from a trade in which migrants become commodities. Because it is a clandestine crime, global value figures are difficult to determine with precision. However, based on two of the main smuggling routes: from East, North and West Africa to Europe and from South America to North America, it is estimated that this crime generates around US$ 6.75 billion annually for criminals operating in these regions alone [1]. However, that figure is presumably much higher at the global level.

Migrant smugglers are becoming increasingly well organized and establishing professional networks that transcend borders and regions. As with other forms of organized crime, groups involved in this criminal activity have expanded their operations by changing routes in an attempt to expand into other markets and evade state repression. Some groups have merged or established cooperative relationships, expanding their geographic scope and the range of their criminal activities. For some criminal groups, migrants are simply another illicit trafficking product, along with drugs and firearms, and because migrant smuggling is a highly profitable business with a relatively low risk of detection, this criminal activity is attractive to criminals.

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Categorías America