Requirements for travel to the United States 2022
Through graphics and a timeline, AS/COA Online monitors important regional vaccine developments in an effort to cover Latin America’s progress toward vaccinations and herd immunity.
Vaccinating a population means first securing doses. AS/COA Online looks at population vaccine coverage, supply agreements and regulatory approvals in the region as of July 15, 2022.
July 13 – The World Bank reports that eight of 20 Caribbean countries have yet to reach a 50 percent vaccination rate and attributes this slow rate to low levels of confidence in vaccines.
July 7 – With Guatemala representing one of the lowest vaccination rates in the Americas, Nature publishes an article exploring the reasons for the lagging rates. These include hesitancy about vaccines in rural areas, language barriers resulting from the 25 languages spoken throughout the country, and logistical failures.
April 22 – Mexico learns that it will not receive Pfizer vaccines from COVAX, the global vaccine initiative led by the World Health Organization, in the most recent allocation. The country had intended to use Pfizer’s COVAX vaccines to inoculate minors. Mexican health officials said they will seek to sign direct contracts with Pfizer or Cuba for its Abdala vaccine.
Vaccination tourism in the new normal
The United States is open to welcome all fully vaccinated visitors, although there are some specific rules depending on how they enter the country. (Details in the next intertitle).
The vaccine must have U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) approval or must have an emergency use listing from the World Health Organization (such as Astrazeneca). Mixed-dose vaccines will also be accepted. Find the full list of accepted vaccines here, as well as acceptable proof of vaccination.
However, if you are planning to visit the U.S. in more than 90 days, be aware that the CDC will re-evaluate their decision in that timeframe. And, if they decide that reinstatement is necessary, due to a new variant of concern for example, they will do so.
Hawaii and the U.S. territories of Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands in the Caribbean have some of the strictest rules for travel within the United States. Learn more about Hawaii here. Learn more about Puerto Rico and the U.S. Virgin Islands here.
Traveling to the United States for vaccination
The many physical and environmental changes encountered during international travel can upset the balance of people with their usual environment: sudden exposure to considerable changes in altitude, humidity, microbial flora and temperature, exacerbated by stress and fatigue, can lead to health disorders and incapacity to achieve the purpose of the trip.
It is a health service where advice is given, after an individualized assessment, on traveler’s medicine. They administer mandatory and recommended vaccinations, provide information on the diseases they prevent, recommend and prescribe pharmacological chemoprophylaxis (drugs at preventive doses), advising on mechanisms of action, drug contraindications, side effects, drug interactions and dosage, and provide information on the health risks inherent to international travel.
It would be necessary to have it available in those destinations where there may be significant risks, especially in developing countries and where medical assistance and/or local availability of certain drugs is not safe:
The 4 requirements to enter the United States in
We travel more and more and for different reasons: tourism, work, business, humanitarian cooperation, and sometimes we travel to very distant places. In all these situations, we must take a series of precautions to protect our health.
In the same way that we organize details relating to transportation and stay, it should also be standard practice to take the necessary health measures to reduce the risks associated with travel, by consulting specialized health professionals at international vaccination centers and health centers.
If your destination is a tropical or subtropical country with endemic malaria, you should be aware that malaria is a serious disease transmitted by a mosquito (Anopheles) that injects the malaria parasite into the blood when it bites.
Although there are four species of the malaria parasite that can infect humans and produce the disease (Plasmodium falciparum, P. malariae, P. vivax and P. ovale), it is only P. falciparum that is potentially life-threatening. There is a real risk that anyone of any age can contract this disease.