Mahatma gandhi biography
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi. That was his real name. But history knows him as Mahatma Ghandi, as the poet Rabindranath Tagore renamed him. In Sanskrit, Mahatma means something like ‘great soul’. And Gandhi’s nonviolence had a lot to do with that moniker.
“There are many causes for which I am willing to die, but none for which I am willing to kill”, he wrote in 1927. A statement that captures the essence of his philosophy, Gandhian nonviolence. But how did a young lawyer come up with such a statement?
After studying law in England, Gandhi lived for a time in South Africa. And it was there that he suffered prejudice and discrimination because of his race. Thus began his work in politics and peaceful civil rights activism.
Later, on his return to India, he traveled all over the country. There his speeches combined politics and passages from the holy books of different religions. And in time he became the leader of India’s independence movement against British power. But far from encouraging the masses to armed struggle, Gandhi’s nonviolence promoted peaceful resistance and new modes of opposition.
Hind swaraj o indian h
So it was the day Gandhi was pushed out. In fact it is said that all along the way he was a victim of racism as he was not allowed to enter several hotels. These events were a turning point in Gandhi’s life and his form of social activism, awakening him to social injustice. After witnessing the racism, prejudice and injustice against Indians in South Africa, Gandhi began to question his place in society and the position of his people before the British Empire.
This reminds me of the day I was fired from my first job. I was a recent college graduate, inexperienced, a novice in life, and we had a very sick grandmother with a serious problem, so the money from this job was needed.
If I had not been fired from my first job, I would not have gone to India. If Gandhi was not expelled, he would not have liberated his people. I don’t compare myself to Gandhi, he is a man of great stature. I just think that in times of adversity is when you can see things differently… they are an opportunity to change. Sometimes you have to be thrown off the train.
Where and how did mahatma gandhi die?
He was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India. His real name was “Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi although his relatives called him Mahatma, which, in Sanskrit, means “”Great Soul”” (maha = “”great””, “”supreme”” and atman = “”soul””)”.
Mahatma GandhiThe economic independence of India was the highlight of Gandhi’s swaraj (‘self-rule’, in Sanskrit) movement, which involved a complete boycott of British goods. The economic aspects of the movement were significant, since the exploitation of Indian peasants by British industrialists had led to extreme poverty and the virtual destruction of Indian industry. Gandhi proposed as a solution to this situation the revival of cottage industries. He began using a spinning wheel as a symbol of the return to the simple peasant life he preached and the revival of indigenous industries such as hand spinning.
Many men and women today venerate millenarian characters, some who did not even exist (in historical reality), but few know that, in this century, a truly holy man rose from among the rest. Born in a culture of millenarian spirituality, he did not restrict himself to it, however, and approached with equal enthusiasm the religious ideas of all peoples.
How mahatma gandhi died
After completing his studies, he returned to India. However, he failed in his attempt to set up a law firm. Therefore, when he was offered a position as legal advisor in an Indian company based in Durban, South Africa, he did not hesitate to accept it and left in 1893. In the two decades he was to spend in that colony, his political apprenticeship began.
The editors of the newspaper reside at Phoenix Farm, a community located near Durban whose operation is based on the egalitarian ideas of the Russian writer Leo Tolstoy. All residents participate in farming and are paid the same wage. At the same time, Gandhi began to practice the first fasts.
In August 1906, in order to combat clandestine Asian immigration, the government of the Transvaal province announces a bill requiring adults in the Indian community to register for a census. Those who do not comply will be fined, imprisoned or expelled from the country. Gandhi reacted with horror. Behind this measure he could only discern hatred towards Indians.