What vaccines do you need to travel to africa

Qatar 2022: travel requirements, visas and vaccinations

Passengers coming from countries where yellow fever exists must be vaccinated. The vaccination is required at least 10 days prior to arrival in South Africa. The South African health authorities require that all passengers coming on a flight or making a stopover in a country where yellow fever exists (Argentina, Brazil) must be vaccinated. For further information, please consult the International Vaccination Center of the Hospital del Salvador.

Malaria is found in limited areas of South Africa, mainly the lowland areas (below 1,000 meters) of Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal provinces. Cases of infection may occur in the North West and Northern Cape provinces, along the Molopo and Orange rivers. A map, produced by the South African Ministry of Health, which you will find below the link to this document, shows the malaria areas in the country. It is advisable to consult a physician for preventive treatment.

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Know the necessary vaccines to travel to African countries. We inform you about the vaccinations required by each African country to protect against Yellow Fever, Malaria and other diseases.

Vaccinations for travel to African countries are usually the polio vaccine, yellow fever, tetanus, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, cholera or meningococcal meningitis, but it is not necessary to get all of them. It depends on the destination, as for example there is a special type of vaccine for traveling to Kenya, as there are also vaccines to go to South Africa different from the other regions.

The first recommendation if you are about to travel to countries in Africa, Asia or South America is to go to the doctor. He/she will be the one who will be able to inform you accurately and clearly if you need to take any medication or get vaccinated before traveling to any of these destinations.

Vaccination against yellow fever is carried out for two different purposes: 1. To prevent the international spread of the disease by protecting countries from the risk of importation or spread of the yellow fever virus.

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Travelers must be up to date with the vaccination corresponding to the vaccination schedule for children and adults.    These vaccines include, for example, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) and diphtheria, tetanus and polio vaccines.

Some travelers, either because of their age, work, lifestyle or underlying illnesses, may be at higher risk of infectious disease, so they should be up-to-date with additional recommended vaccinations.

In Tanzania there are high altitude points such as Mount Kilimanjaro at 5,895m. It is possible to suffer from altitude sickness. Its definition and prevention are detailed in the section “Take care of your trip”.

Dengue and chikungunya are viral infections transmitted by diurnal and urban mosquitoes. They cause a flu-like illness, severe dengue fever is rare in travelers. To avoid it, mosquito bites should be avoided; there are no medications or vaccines. In case of fever, headache and/or tiredness you should see a doctor as soon as possible, especially a Tropical Medicine and International Health service to rule out malaria.

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Do you already know what the travel vaccinations are if you intend to travel abroad? When we plan an international trip, the first thing that comes to our mind is to prepare our luggage, get information about the places of interest we can visit, look for information in forums about transportation and meteorology, learn about the typical gastronomy of the country… Undoubtedly, these are factors that must be taken into account when planning a trip although, many times, we forget the most important thing of all: to have knowledge about the mandatory and recommended vaccinations for traveling, especially in trips to exotic countries.

First of all, you should know that it is essential that you find out about the mandatory or recommended vaccinations as soon as possible because, sometimes, your local medical service will refer you to a center specialized in travel vaccinations, so you should make an appointment in advance. Another reason to check in advance is that many vaccinations should be given at least one month before your trip, as you may need several doses or some time to develop immunity.

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Categorías Africa