Dacia Maraini’s trip to Africa
Get to know the necessary vaccinations to travel to African countries. We inform you about the vaccinations required by each African country to protect against Yellow Fever, Malaria and other diseases.
Vaccinations for travel to African countries are usually the polio vaccine, yellow fever, tetanus, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, cholera or meningococcal meningitis, but it is not necessary to get all of them. It depends on the destination, as for example there is a special type of vaccine for traveling to Kenya, as there are also vaccines to go to South Africa different from the other regions.
The first recommendation if you are about to travel to countries in Africa, Asia or South America is to go to the doctor. He/she will be the one who will be able to inform you accurately and clearly if you need to take any medication or get vaccinated before traveling to any of these destinations.
Vaccination against yellow fever is carried out for two different purposes: 1. To prevent the international spread of the disease by protecting countries from the risk of importing or spreading the yellow fever virus.
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2) Complete an electronic Affidavit of Health of the traveler, within 72 hours prior to the flight, in the online format: https://e-notificacion.migraciones.gob.pe/dj-salud/ 3) During the trip you must wear a mask and face shield.
4) (Optional) Perform an electronic immigration control pre-registration within 48 hours prior to your flight. To do this, you must download the application “Pre-registration of Migration Control”, in the play store for “Android” devices, soon will be available for “Iphone” devices.
However, this quarantine can be replaced by a negative antigen test, which the passenger has done directly upon entering the country (there are tents at the airport where the test can be performed. Price: 160 PEN). Those who test positive must undergo a mandatory 14-day quarantine in a Pan-American Sports Village or other temporary isolation center. There is also the possibility of a molecular test 6 days after arrival; if negative, the person in question does not have to undergo the remainder of the quarantine, after informing the Health Authority which grants epidemiological discharge. Once the person has been discharged, he/she can continue with his/her normal activities without having to complete the remaining days of quarantine.
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Any traveler suffering from a chronic illness should carry the necessary medication for the duration of the trip. All medications, especially those requiring a prescription, should be carried in carry-on luggage in their original containers with visible labels. As a precaution against loss or theft, it is advisable to carry medication in duplicate in checked baggage. The traveler should carry with him/her the name and contact details of his/her physician along with other travel documents, and information on his/her medical condition and treatment, as well as details of the medication (including generic names of medications) and prescribed dosages. This information should also be kept in electronic format so that it can be retrieved remotely (e.g. in a secure database). It is also necessary to carry a physician’s report, certifying the need for medication or other medical supplies (e.g. syringes) carried by the passenger, which may be requested by customs officials and/or security personnel.
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Most vaccinations should be administered at least one month prior to departure. Therefore, you should make an appointment with your and your child’s doctor four to six weeks before your trip. Even if you plan to travel in less than four weeks, schedule a visit because your child may benefit from additional immunizations or preventive medications.
Regardless of how far you plan to travel, there are some health-related issues your family may face when traveling, such as jet lag, ear discomfort, motion sickness and diarrhea.
When you travel by air and cross several time zones (or time zones), your internal clock may have a hard time getting used to the time in the country of arrival. For example, if you usually go to bed at 9 p.m. and you are traveling from New York to California, where the time zone is three hours ahead of New York, you may feel like going to bed at 6 p.m. because you will have already been awake for the time you are used to being awake and your body needs to rest. But chances are you won’t be able to go to bed until 9 p.m., by which time you will be extremely tired because your body will have been awake for longer than usual.