Travel to africa vaccines needed

Traveling without vaccinations: These countries eliminated health requirements

Do you already know what vaccinations are required for travel if you intend to go abroad? When we plan an international trip, the first thing that comes to mind is to prepare our luggage, get information about the places of interest we can visit, search for information in forums about transportation and weather, learn about the typical gastronomy of the country… Undoubtedly, these are factors that should be taken into account when planning a trip, although we often forget the most important thing of all: to have knowledge about the mandatory and recommended vaccinations for travel, especially when traveling to exotic countries.

First of all, you should know that it is essential that you find out about the mandatory or recommended vaccinations as soon as possible because, sometimes, your local medical service will refer you to a center specialized in travel vaccinations, so you should make an appointment in advance. Another reason to check in advance is that many vaccinations should be given at least one month before your trip, as you may need several doses or some time to develop immunity.

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Yes, some vaccinations are recommended for visiting North and West Africa. The WHO and ISTM recommend the following vaccines: typhoid, hepatitis A, hepatitis B, yellow fever, rabies, polio, MMR (measles, mumps and rubella), meningitis, Tdap (tetanus, diphtheria and pertussis), and influenza.

Traveler’s diarrhea can be a serious risk for travelers in North and West Africa. Medical facilities often lack resources, which means you should bring what you might need.

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Traveling is wonderful but sometimes you have to take a series of precautions before doing so. To travel to any country in the African continent, a previous vaccination is usually necessary, in addition to taking into account other factors such as contaminated water or the high presence of other diseases such as AIDS.

1. Kenya: Yellow Fever is a compulsory vaccine, while Hepatitis A, Tetanus-diphtheria, Tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis, and Triple Viral are generally recommended. Depending on the situation, there would also be Cholera, Typhoid Fever, Hepatitis B, Rabies, Poliomyelitis, Influenza, Pneumococcal, Meningococcal. In addition, the risk of contracting malaria is high, so it is recommended to take a preventive treatment a few days before traveling and upon return. All this, always consulting with your doctor.

2. Tanzania: as in the previous case, the Yellow Fever vaccine is mandatory, being recommended others such as Typhoid Fever, Hepatitis A and B, Tetanus-diphtheria, Tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis, Triple Viral. In special cases: Cholera, Rabies, Influenza, Pneumococcal and Poliomyelitis. Malaria is also high in the country.

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It is recommended to have the current vaccination schedule updated (including the MMR vaccine -measles, rubella and mumps- and poliomyelitis). In addition, the following vaccines are recommended and can be administered at your health center.

The administration of other vaccines such as rabies, cholera or meningitis will depend on the individual characteristics of the traveler and associated risks (long periods of stay -more than 1 month-, close contact with animals, lodging, health cooperation, visit to endemic rural areas…) and can be administered in an international vaccination center.

In general, most vaccines are administered in health centers by your primary care physician, except for yellow fever, which is administered in international vaccination centers.

A certificate of vaccination is often required for all travelers coming from countries with risk of yellow fever transmission, and sometimes for travelers in transit through such countries (even if only for a few hours at the airport). However, a 2010 meeting of yellow fever experts concluded that when airport transit is less than 12 hours, the risk of yellow fever is almost non-existent and therefore a vaccination certificate may not be required. More information about yellow fever

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Categorías Africa