Vaccinations required for travel to Spain
It is also important to find out about the health coverage of the country of destination and our health insurance. It is also important to seek advice on what food to eat or what hygiene measures to take.
Africa is a continent with a wide diversity of fauna, landscapes, traditions and customs. The contrasts from rural areas to urban areas are remarkable, you can go from a place full of vegetation to large deserts. Special care should be taken with the origin of food and drink.
The recommended vaccinations are those that are recommended because of the probability of contracting the disease in the country of destination. Africa, with its diversity of countries, recommends vaccination against poliomyelitis, yellow fever (for those older than 9 months), tetanus-diphtheria, hepatitis A, typhoid fever, cholera or meningococcal meningitis (in some countries such as Libya).
The information provided by this medium can in no way replace a direct medical care service, nor should it be used for the purpose of making a diagnosis, or choosing a treatment in particular cases.
Mandatory vaccines for Africa
If you decide to travel to Africa you are exposed to tropical infectious diseases and to natural elements of the trip itself such as heat, humidity, consumption of unsafe food and water and mosquitoes. That is why in such circumstances the traveler should remember the general recommendations given to him at the International Health Center.
Most African countries have very basic health infrastructures, except for private health care, which is very expensive. Regardless of the country of destination, it is highly recommended to have travel insurance. It is important that the insurance includes:
To avoid diarrhea it is advisable to eat freshly cooked, boiled or fried food, drink packaged or boiled products, such as coffee or tea, and brush your teeth with bottled water, boiled or disinfected with water purification tablets. Avoid street foods, raw food, seafood or fruit peeled by others, as well as ice cubes, dairy products, unboiled, unpackaged or unsealed beverages, or natural fruit juices. Vaccination for hepatitis A and typhoid fever is required.
Covid vaccine for travel to Asia
Travelers should be up to date with their childhood and adult immunization schedule. These vaccinations include, for example, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) and diphtheria, tetanus and polio vaccines.
Some travelers, either because of their age, work, lifestyle or underlying illnesses, may be at higher risk of infectious disease, so they should be up-to-date with additional recommended vaccinations.
In Tanzania there are high altitude points such as Mount Kilimanjaro at 5,895m. It is possible to suffer from altitude sickness. Its definition and prevention are detailed in the section “Take care of your trip”.
Dengue and chikungunya are viral infections transmitted by diurnal and urban mosquitoes. They cause a flu-like illness, severe dengue fever is rare in travelers. To avoid it, mosquito bites should be avoided; there are no medications or vaccines. In case of fever, headache and/or tiredness you should see a doctor as soon as possible, especially a Tropical Medicine and International Health service to rule out malaria.
Traveling to African countries for tourism or volunteering is becoming increasingly popular, but it entails taking a series of health precautions and being aware that we will have to change some of the habits that come most naturally to us.
The specialist advises a first consultation with the family doctor to obtain general information. Afterwards, it would be advisable to go to a specialist at an international vaccination center, dependent on the Ministry of Health, which we can find in our city.