This article interrogates how the experience of slavery and its memorial dimension is constructed within the Afro-descendant diaspora through the figure of the slave ship. Two attempts are analyzed in particular, that of a German traveler and painter of the 19th century in Brazil (through his vision captured in a lithograph entitled “The Slave Market”) and that of the Afro-descendants of the Costa Chica of Mexico (through their narratives that seek to locate the origin of themselves). Based on anthropological research carried out in these communities and on the analysis of a pictorial piece by Johann Moritz Rugendas, from the 19th century in Brazil, we wanted to show the emblematic role of the figure of the ship in the memorial narratives about origin and how it expresses the particular sense of identity among Afro-descendant communities in Latin America. The ship (slave ship or not) seems to establish a powerful form of identification and thus appears as a transnational memorial form.
Because the Spaniards brought African slaves
In the page Indigenous of America we will find the history of them and the slavery to which they were subjected with the conquest of these lands until the promulgation of the New Laws decreed on November 20, 1542, turning them into encomenderos and thus giving way to the African slave trade.
The work analyzes the history and demographic impact of the slave trade and its economic and social aspects, the abolition of slavery, as well as the contribution of blacks in America, especially in the artistic and religious fields.
African slavery summary
Culture HISTORYHuman trafficking that fueled the expansion and growth of the WestThe business of African slavery in modern EuropeJohn Kimber, captain of the slave ship ‘Recovery’ (left) watches as a sailor tortures an African slave. April 10, 1792. S. W. FORES.Library of Congress Prints and Photographs Division Washington.From the 16th to the 19th century, the human slave trade helped England, the USA, France and the Netherlands to become the world’s leading powersBritish historian Kenneth Morgan analyzes the rise and fall of this system and its legacy in ‘Four Centuries of Transatlantic Slavery’Album: No Name, No Freedom
Slave trade in colonial times
“Of the 11 million enslaved Africans who arrived in the Americas, about half came down in Brazil, meaning that Brazil and the South Atlantic are the center of the transatlantic slave traffic, which came particularly from the Congo River delta and what is now the city of Luanda (Angola),” he said.
It is a database of the transatlantic slave trade as the culmination of several decades of independent study and collaborative research by scholars who have sourced information from libraries and archives throughout the Atlantic world, said Alex Borucki.
The other revolutionary part of this project, he stressed, is that researchers from any corner of the globe can contribute information, making it a living database.
On the same site, there is also the Intra-American database, which contains information on domestic trafficking or trafficking within Latin America, where 11,400 slave voyages were recorded.