Immunizations needed to travel to africa

Mandatory vaccines for Africa

Travelers must be up to date with the vaccinations corresponding to the vaccination schedule for children and adults.    These vaccinations include, for example, measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) and diphtheria, tetanus and polio vaccines.

Some travelers, either because of their age, work, lifestyle or underlying illnesses, may be at higher risk of infectious disease, so they should be up-to-date with additional recommended vaccinations.

In Tanzania there are high altitude points such as Mount Kilimanjaro at 5,895m. It is possible to suffer from altitude sickness. Its definition and prevention are detailed in the section “Take care of your trip”.

Dengue and chikungunya are viral infections transmitted by diurnal and urban mosquitoes. They cause a flu-like illness, severe dengue fever is rare in travelers. To avoid it, mosquito bites should be avoided; there are no medications or vaccines. In case of fever, headache and/or tiredness you should see a doctor as soon as possible, especially a Tropical Medicine and International Health service to rule out malaria.

Vaccines for travel

Do you already know what are the vaccinations for traveling if you intend to go abroad? When we plan an international trip, the first thing that comes to mind is to prepare our luggage, get information about the places of interest we can visit, look for information in forums about transportation and meteorology, learn about the typical gastronomy of the country… Undoubtedly, these are factors that should be taken into account when planning a trip although, many times, we forget the most important thing of all: having knowledge about the mandatory and recommended vaccinations for traveling, especially when traveling to exotic countries.

First of all, you should know that it is essential that you find out about the mandatory or recommended vaccinations as soon as possible because, sometimes, your local medical service will refer you to a center specialized in travel vaccinations, so you should make an appointment in advance. Another reason to check in advance is that many vaccinations should be given at least one month before your trip, as you may need several doses or some time to develop immunity.

Covid vaccine for travel to Asia

Traveling is wonderful but sometimes you have to take a series of precautions before doing it. To travel to any country in the African continent, a previous vaccination is usually necessary, as well as taking into account other factors such as contaminated water or the high presence of other diseases such as AIDS.

1. Kenya: Yellow Fever is a mandatory vaccine, while Hepatitis A, Tetanus-diphtheria, Tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis, and Triple Viral are generally recommended. Depending on the situation, there would also be Cholera, Typhoid Fever, Hepatitis B, Rabies, Poliomyelitis, Influenza, Pneumococcal, Meningococcal. In addition, the risk of contracting malaria is high, so it is recommended to take a preventive treatment a few days before traveling and upon return. All this, always consulting with your doctor.

Tanzania: as in the previous case, the Yellow Fever vaccine is mandatory, being recommended others such as Typhoid Fever, Hepatitis A and B, Tetanus-diphtheria, Tetanus-diphtheria-pertussis, Triple Viral. In special cases: Cholera, Rabies, Influenza, Pneumococcal and Poliomyelitis. Malaria is also high in the country.

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We travel more and more and for different reasons: tourism, work, business, humanitarian cooperation, and sometimes we travel to very distant places. In all these situations we must take a series of precautions to protect our health.

In the same way that we organize details relating to transportation and stay, it should also be standard practice to take the necessary health measures to reduce the risks associated with travel, by consulting specialized health professionals at international vaccination centers and health centers.

If your destination is a tropical or subtropical country with endemic malaria, you should be aware that malaria is a serious disease transmitted by a mosquito (Anopheles) that injects the malaria parasite into the blood when it bites.

Although there are four species of the malaria parasite that can infect humans and produce the disease (Plasmodium falciparum, P. malariae, P. vivax and P. ovale), it is only P. falciparum that is potentially life-threatening. There is a real risk that anyone of any age can contract this disease.

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Categorías Africa