First african american astronaut to travel in space

First African-American female astronaut

U.S. Air Force Lt. Col. Guion S. Bluford became the first African American to travel into space when the space shuttle Challenger lifts off on its third mission.

In 1964, he graduated from Penn State with a degree in aerospace engineering, decided he would need to know how to fly airplanes if he wanted to build them, entered the U.S. Air Force and graduated with his pilot’s wings in 1965.

Bluford was assigned to a combat squadron in Vietnam, where he flew 144 combat missions.  After combat service, he became a flight instructor and in the 1970s received a master’s degree and Ph.D. in aerospace engineering from the Air Force Institute of Technology.

He later flew three more shuttle missions, logging a total of 700 hours in orbit, after returning from NASA, he became vice president and general manager of an engineering firm in Ohio.

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On September 1, 1979, Yuri V. Romanenko with a pre-flight and Arnaldo Tamayo Mendez began their training. Romanenko saw Tamayo Mendez as jovial and joking, and said of him: “In Tamayo are concentrated the best traits of Cubans … the ability to work and perseverance. Plus cordiality, kindness and good humor. And believe me, these are very important qualities for cosmonauts”.The space flightOn September 18, 1980, at 19:11 h UT took off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, the powerful Soyuz U rocket with the Soyuz 38 spacecraft, with Yuri Romanenko and Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez.When Tamayo Méndez surpassed 100 km altitude, he obtained his title of cosmonaut. As Fidel Castro said: “Arnaldo Tamayo represented Cuba, Latin America, Africa and the Third World in the cosmos”. Tamayo Méndez is the first Latin American, the first African American and the first Spanish speaker to make a space flight.

On September 1, 1979, Yuri V. Romanenko with a previous flight and Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez began their training. Romanenko saw Tamayo Mendez as jovial and joking, and said of him: “In Tamayo are concentrated the best traits of Cubans … the ability to work and perseverance. Plus cordiality, kindness and good humor. And believe me, these are very important qualities for cosmonauts”.The space flightOn September 18, 1980, at 19:11 h UT took off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan, the powerful Soyuz U rocket with the Soyuz 38 spacecraft, with Yuri Romanenko and Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez.When Tamayo Méndez surpassed 100 km altitude, he obtained his title of cosmonaut. As Fidel Castro said: “Arnaldo Tamayo represented Cuba, Latin America, Africa and the Third World in the cosmos”. Tamayo Méndez is the first Latin American, the first African American and the first Spanish speaker to make a space flight.

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Katya’s grandmother’s message stuck with her. “It speaks to the potential power of the Overview effect, to understand that we are all connected on the same planet, facing the same challenges, regardless of where we are physically located.”

“As a Mexican engineer working in the space industry, I know firsthand how few of us there are. I’ve always believed that it’s not enough to reach your goals if you don’t help others grow with you,” Katya Echazarreta explains to S4H.

“I started working to help not only students in the U.S. who have high aspirations like mine, but also women in Mexico who hear the same words I used to hear all too often: ‘it’s not for you.'”

She is the first female astronaut citizen ambassador for the S4H organization. Her work in STEM includes co-hosting the Netflix YouTube series IRL and Electric Kat on CBS’s Mission Unstoppable. She is now writing her first book.

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@Retiario studied biology but always wanted to learn and tell real stories. In ancient times he was a paleontologist, but for decades he has been a journalist and journalism professor. He believes in science, technology and the power of humanity to change things for the better, if applied. He spends most of his time on the Internet and is a staunch advocate of the pen (and the web) over the sword.

In all things there is someone doing them for the first time, but who it is, what the circumstances are and when this first time occurs tells us a lot about who we are and where we live. In the case of the first black astronaut his arrival did not occur until the astronaut class of 1978first black astronaut, after Humanity reached the Moon at the hands of white men; his name is Guion Bluford and he got to work in space 4 times before retiring and going into the aerospace industry.

Bluford first flew on the STS-8 mission aboard the shuttle Challenger in August 1983, becoming the first African-American to visit space. He previously trained as a fighter pilot in the U.S. Air Force, where he attained the rank of Colonel and flew 144 missions over Vietnam; he also holds a doctorate in aeronautical engineering and an MBA in business administration.

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